Effects of Solute and Second-Phase Particles on the Texture of Nd-Containing Mg Alloys
AbstractHot-rolled, binary Mg-Nd alloys with compositions ≥0.095 at. pct undergo the texture weakening phenomenon that has been reported in a number of Mg–rare earth (RE) alloys. However, alloys with compositions ≤0.01 at. pct retain a strong basal texture typical of pure Mg and other Mg alloys. Measurements of intragranular misorientation axes obtained using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) show that more dilute alloys contain predominantly basal a dislocations, while richer alloys contain primarily prismatic a dislocations. It is suggested that this change in dislocation content is related to a change in the dynamic recrystallization (DRX) mechanism. Metastable second-phase Mg x Nd1–x intermetallic particles are present within the alloys, and an annealing study indicates that the alloys undergoing texture weakening have grain sizes well predicted by classical Zener drag theory. Even though the more dilute alloys also contain second-phase particles, they are not sufficient to induce pinning. The promotion of nonbasal slip and the reduction in grain boundary mobility due to Zener drag are suggested as controlling mechanisms that promote the observed texture weakening phenomena.