Baicalin loaded in folate-PEG modified liposomes for enhanced stability and tumor targeting
AbstractBioavailability of baicalin (BAI), an example of traditional Chinese medicine, has been modified by loading into liposome. Several liposome systems of different composition i.e., lipid/cholesterol (L), long-circulating stealth liposome (L-PEG) and folate receptor (FR)—targeted liposome (L-FA) have been used as the drug carrier for BAI. The obtained liposomes were around 80 nm in diameter with proper zeta potentials about −25 mV and sufficient physical stability in 3 months. The entrapment efficiency and loading efficiency of BAI in the liposomes were 41.0–46.4% and 8.8–10.0%, respectively. The morphology details of BAI lipsosome systems i.e., formation of small unilamellar vesicles, have been determined by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). In vitro cytotoxicity of BAI liposomes against HeLa cells was evaluated by MTT assay. BAI loaded FR-targeted liposomes showed higher cytotoxicity and cellular uptake compared with non-targeted liposomes. The results suggested that L-FA-BAI could enhance anti-tumor efficiency and should be an effective FR-targeted carrier system for BAI delivery.