CO2 Selective PolyActive Membrane: Thermal Transitions and Gas Permeance as a Function of Thickness
AbstractIt is generally accepted that the melting point of a semicrystalline polymer is associated with the thickness of the crystalline lamellae (Gibbs–Thomson equation). In this study, a commercially available multiblock copolymer PolyActive composed of 77 wt % of poly(ethylene glycol terephthalate) and 23 wt % of poly(butylene terephthalate) was dip-coated on top of a multilayer microporous support. The thickness was changed between 0.2 and 8 μm using coating solutions containing 0.75–7.5 wt % PolyActive. The surface temperature of the membrane during dip-coating was monitored using an infrared camera. Single gas permeances of N2, H2, CH4, and CO2 were measured between 20 and 80 °C at temperature steps of 2 °C. Spherulitic superstructures composed of radially directed lamellae were observed in the polarized light microscope in the prepared membranes. Atomic force microscopy studies showed that the thickness of the crystalline lamellae was in the order of 10 nm or 0.01 μm at the surface of the membrane. Therefore, according to the Gibbs–Thomson equation, the melting point should not change in the thickness range 0.2–8 μm. However, the gas permeance data showed that the melting point of the polyether domains of the 0.2 μm PolyActive layer was 10 °C lower compared to that of the 8 μm layer. The results can be explained by considering that the width of many crystalline lamellae significantly reduces as a function of film thickness, thereby reducing the average fold surface free energy/lateral surface free energy ratio.